What Is Ferric Chloride and Its Uses?

What Is Ferric Chloride and Its Uses?

Ferric Chloride: The Versatile Chemical Compound for Industrial and Laboratory Applications

Ferric chloride, also known as iron (III) chloride, is a reddish-brown liquid with the formula FeCl3. It has various uses in different industries and laboratory settings. In this article, we will discuss ferric chloride's properties, uses, and safety precautions.


Uses of Ferric Chloride has several industrial and laboratory applications, including:


  • Wastewater Treatment:

Ferric chloride is commonly used as a coagulant in wastewater treatment plants. The iron ions in ferric chloride help to destabilize the suspended particles in wastewater, causing them to aggregate and form larger particles that can be removed more easily.

  • Printed Circuit Board Etching:

Ferric chloride is used in the production of printed circuit boards (PCBs) to etch away unwanted copper. The iron ions in the ferric chloride solution react with the copper, removing it and leaving the desired pattern on the PCB.

  • Analytical Chemistry:

Ferric chloride is also used in analytical chemistry as a test reagent for determining the presence of specific ions, such as phosphates and chlorides.

Safety Precautions for Handling Ferric Chloride As a hazardous substance, it is important to follow proper safety measures when handling ferric chloride. This includes wearing gloves and eye protection, avoiding inhalation of the fumes, and properly storing the substance.

In conclusion, ferric chloride is a versatile chemical compound that has a wide range of industrial and laboratory applications. From wastewater treatment to printed circuit board production, ferric chloride plays a crucial role in many processes. However, it is important to handle ferric chloride with care and to follow proper safety precautions to ensure the safety of those working with it.

Where can I buy ferric chloride?

Ferric Chloride 40% is available on Chimiart in various packages